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Legalization of cannabis research paper

  • 10.02.2019

Legalization of marijuana might allow easier access for drug users to legally feed their habit Cameron et al. Marijuana is less harmful than chemotherapy or other drugs that are currently used in cancer treatment Cameron et al.

Children may gain access to marijuana if adults keep it in the home Cameron et al. Tens of millions of Americans would not be labeled criminals because of their current lifestyle. Enormous amounts of federal, state, and local taxes could be generated from the legal sale of marijuana that could be readily used for education, medical research to find a cure for cancers, the space program, and healthcare for the poor and elderly and on and on.

Potential for more traffic accidents Quality of product would improve Known health risks associated with smoking anything Sales could be regulated like current liquor sales. The already alarming incidence of obesity may increase Other countries have decriminalized marijuana with no discernible adverse effects.

Increased joblessness More cash-strapped Americans spending what little money they have on a new, unhealthy habit Table 1. Representative pros and cons of marijuana legalization in the United States today. In a similar fashion, it is reasonable to conclude that when the day comes that marijuana is legalized across the country for medical or personal or whatever type of use, tens of millions of Americans — indeed, perhaps a majority of its citizens — will no longer be characterized as criminals because of their possession and use of a simple vegetable substance with some mild psychoactive properties that should not be the focus of governmental regulation in the first place.

Students usually get a lot of essays on marijuana legalization as it is a pressing issue for many countries. Using sample papers to outline the introduction, and a conclusion can help with writing the marijuana legalization essays. Concepts: Decriminalization, Cannabis sativa, State, U.

Should Marijuana Be Legal for Medicinal Purposes Drug addiction is a big issue the government deals with all over the world, every culture has a tradition of consuming narcotic substances. Due to its popularity in the states, the most heated topic Jul 20, Californians have a lot to consider when it comes to decriminalizing possession.

But now is the time for a rigorous discussion about removing criminal penalties for drug possession, rather than rushing to judgment in the heat of a future election season. The Future of Cannabis in the Netherlands Feb 1, The Netherlands should proceed cautiously in implementing any marijuana regulations, taking into account the models devised elsewhere and remembering that once enacted the rules will be difficult to change.

Today, it is still used for medicinal purposes, although restrictive laws surrounding its use now exist. Medical marijuana is available in many different forms from dispensaries: as an oil, pill, vaporized liquid, nasal spray, and as the dried plant product.

Rules surrounding the use of medical marijuana vary by state. The first state in the union to legalize the medical use of marijuana was California in with Proposition Legal Status of Marijuana It is important to recognize that these state medical and recreational marijuana laws do not change the fact that using marijuana continues to be an offense under Federal law.

Medical marijuana in the US is controlled at the state level. Per federal law, cannabis, a schedule I drug, is illegal as noted in the Controlled Substances Act, but the federal government, under the previous Obama administration, had stated they would not actively prosecute patients and caregivers complying with state medical marijuana laws. However, use of medical marijuana outside of the state laws for illegal use or trafficking would not be tolerated by state or federal government.

These rules may be changing under Attorney General Jeff Sessions. Political leaders, US government officials, health care providers and medical organizations take differing views of the benefits and risks of medical marijuana.

Proponents state that marijuana has valid medical uses and further research should be pursued, while opponents list concerns about health risks, and the "gateway" effect of marijuana that can lead to more dangerous drug abuse, among other issues. Nonetheless, legalization of medical marijuana continues to be pursued at the state level, with California being the most recent state to legalize recreation use in January Nonetheless, state and federal laws are at odds in the US, currently.

Attorney General Jeff Sessions is a known critic of the cannabis industry and federal oversight of marijuana legalization has now become more strict. On January 4, , the DOJ rescinded this document. Attorneys to enforce the laws enacted by Congress and to follow well-established principles when pursuing prosecutions related to marijuana activities.

These numbers could rise as more states continue to legalize marijuana for medicinal or recreational purposes. Pleedee Apiyasakul, founder of a group that advocates for cannabis legalisation, said that it Some heavy users develop a tolerance to marijuana; meaning that the user needs larger amounts to get the same desired results that he or she used to get from smaller amounts, as noted by the NIDA. The marijuana patient and grower rates were also inversely associated with parental disapproval of marijuana use, which decreased from to and acted as a mediator. Results Sample Characteristics Sample characteristics by survey year are provided in Table 1. For example, according to Lynch, voters in Arizona, California, Oregon, Washington, Nevada, Alaska, and Maine have rejected the lobbying efforts of federal officials and approved initiatives calling for the legalization of marijuana for medicinal purposes [16] , People with cardiovascular disease should avoid marijuana use. The liberalization of marijuana laws raises public health concerns, especially related to the potential effects on marijuana use by adolescents.
Legalization of cannabis research paper

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Marijuana smoke contains many of the same cancer-causing chemicals found in cigarette smoke, often in greater quantities, as reported by Mehmedic and colleagues. Are you experiencing academic anxiety? Goldberg, Carey. Potential for more traffic accidents Quality of product would improve Known health risks associated with smoking anything Sales could be regulated like current liquor sales. We also hypothesized that perceived parental disapproval of marijuana use would mediate relationships between county-level rates of medical marijuana patients, licensed growers and marijuana use among youth. Any drug of abuse can affect a mother's health.
Legalization of cannabis research paper
Will drinking go down because people substitute cannabis for alcohol? Unfortunately for pot smokers, though, keeping marijuana illegal is good business for the legal profession and prison industry, and until these motivating factors are changed, it is unclear whether any substantive changes in the laws concerning simple marijuana use and possession will remain criminal in scope. The argument about whether marijuana should be legalized in all parts of the US is still ongoing. Studies have shown that marijuana smoke contains 50 to 70 percent more carcinogenic hydrocarbons than tobacco smoke, and is an irritant to the lungs.

Term Paper Review and Discussion of Marijuana

Marijuana use can raise the heart rate tachycardia and may be dangerous if used with other drugs that may also increase the heart rate. The Future of Cannabis in the Netherlands Feb 1, The Netherlands should proceed cautiously in implementing any marijuana regulations, taking into account the models devised elsewhere and remembering that once enacted the rules will be difficult to change. Research on the effects of legalizing medical marijuana, however, is inconclusive. Marijuana is a plant scientifically named as Cannabis sativa and otherwise referred as weed, pot,
Legalization of cannabis research paper
Marijuana smoke contains many of the same cancer-causing chemicals found in cigarette smoke, often in greater quantities, as reported by Mehmedic and colleagues. Based on U. However, there are still many places where marijuana is illegal and the people using it usually face harsh punishments. This paper analyzes relevant peer-reviewed and scholarly literature to identify the controlling factors involved in the current legislation against marijuana, and what some states and other countries have done in recent years in an effort to decriminalize its use.

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This role was justified, at least from the federal perspective, because of the constitutional Commerce Clause and marijuana was clearly being transported across state lines, thereby provided an inroads for the U. However, there is tremendous overlap because some states have implemented combinations of each of these policies, as shown by the fact that the five states currently legalizing recreational marijuana use Alaska, Colorado, Oregon, Washington, and the District of Columbia all initially decriminalized marijuana and then passed medical marijuana allowances before passing their legalization policies. Patients can have a lengthy withdrawal and symptoms that can continue for months after stopping marijuana use. Whether the feds will go after the large state-run, legalized recreational or medical marijuana industry, the over 5, mom and pop marijuana shops in the U. Los Angeles County used the findings to limit the placement of marijuana billboards and signage outside dispensaries.
Legalization of cannabis research paper
Abstract State-level marijuana liberalization policies have been evolving for the past five decades, and yet the overall scientific evidence of the impact of these policies is widely believed to be inconclusive. In this review we summarize some of the key limitations of the studies evaluating the effects cannabis decriminalization and medical marijuana laws on marijuana use, paper their inconsistencies in terms of the heterogeneity of policies, the timing of the evaluations, and the measures of use being research. We suggest that the heterogeneity in the responsiveness of different populations to particular laws is important for interpreting the mixed findings from the literature, and we highlight the limitations of the existing literature in providing clear insights into the probable effects of legalization legalization.

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Students do not write any personal information on the survey form, and completed surveys are placed into an envelope. Across 32 Oregon counties, the mean rate of marijuana patients per 1, population increased from 2. These questions have important implications. Despite the potential risks, marijuana is a widely used drug among adolescents. While not everyone who uses marijuana becomes addicted, when a user begins to seek out and take the drug compulsively, that person is said to be dependent or addicted to the drug. This effect may be enhanced if other drugs are taken with marijuana. Marijuana Effects on the Heart Shortly after smoking marijuana the heart rate increases drastically and may remain elevated for up to 3 hours. Data Analysis Descriptive statistics were first obtained for all study variables by survey year using post-hoc sample weights provided with the OHT data sets. Multi-level logistic regression models were also run to examine the extent to which parental disapproval of marijuana use may have acted as a mediator. Whether the feds will go after the large state-run, legalized recreational or medical marijuana industry, the over 5, mom and pop marijuana shops in the U.

Introduction

Some heavy users develop a tolerance to marijuana; meaning that the user needs larger amounts to get the same desired results that he or she used to get from smaller amounts, as noted by the NIDA. Results Sample Characteristics Sample characteristics by survey year are provided in Table 1. As the next round of states debate marijuana legalization, they would do well to contemplate allowing state governments to control the wholesale prices and linking the price of cannabis to its potency. The marijuana patient and grower rates were also inversely associated with parental disapproval of marijuana use, which decreased from to and acted as a mediator. Other countries with relaxed or decriminalized laws concerning marijuana have not experienced the social breakdown predicted by the gloom-and-doom naysayers, and it appears that the only ones benefiting from keeping pot illegal are members of the criminal justice system and the legal profession. Because student-level observations level 1 were nested within counties level 2 , multi-level logistic and linear regression analyses were conducted in HLM version 7.
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As Canadian youth desire reliable, evidence-based educational material on cannabis, and can be credible key partners in the development of such materials, we hope that all levels of government will see the value of promoting balanced cannabis discussions and co-designing resources with youth. These differences, however, were present before medical marijuana laws were passed. Marijuana is less harmful than chemotherapy or other drugs that are currently used in cancer treatment Cameron et al. Some heavy users develop a tolerance to marijuana; meaning that the user needs larger amounts to get the same desired results that he or she used to get from smaller amounts, as noted by the NIDA.

Marijuana Term Paper Introduction

Enormous amounts of federal, state, and local taxes could be generated from the legal sale of marijuana that could be readily used for education, medical research to find a cure for cancers, the space program, and healthcare for the poor and elderly and on and on. The sample is intended to be representative of 8th and 11th graders in each county and the state. Children may gain access to marijuana if adults keep it in the home Cameron et al. Due to possible adverse effects of marijuana on the fetus, ACOG recommends that marijuana should be avoided during pregnancy. Post-hoc sample weights were developed for each county and the state based on the actual number of 8th and 11th graders in each school, county and the entire state OHA, Withdrawal symptoms usually begin about a day after the person stops using marijuana, peaks in 2 to 3 days and may take about 1 to 2 weeks to subside. These individuals may have daily cough and phlegm, symptoms of chronic bronchitis, shortness of breath, chest tightness, wheezing and more frequent chest colds. Data Analysis Descriptive statistics were first obtained for all study variables by survey year using post-hoc sample weights provided with the OHT data sets. McKenna reports that marijuana addiction is difficult to treat in the clinic. Addictive Potential of Marijuana A drug is addicting if it causes compulsive, uncontrollable drug craving, seeking, and use, even in the face of negative health and social consequences. Some heavy users develop a tolerance to marijuana; meaning that the user needs larger amounts to get the same desired results that he or she used to get from smaller amounts, as noted by the NIDA.

How Does Marijuana Work?

Cannabis legalization in the provinces and territories: Missing opportunities to effectively educate youth? Cannabis is now legal in Canada, yet important questions remain regarding how the provinces and territories are approaching cannabis education and messaging aimed at youth. Although widespread education and awareness campaigns are long
Legalization of cannabis research paper
Marijuana users tend to inhale more deeply and hold their breath longer than tobacco smokers do, which further increases lung exposure to carcinogenic smoke. There is a push to change this law in many places as it is causing a lot of young people to have criminal records. As shown in Figure 1 , as of January 1, , 21 states 1 have decriminalized certain marijuana possession offenses NCSL a , 26 states have legalized medical marijuana use, and another 16 states have adopted cannabidiol CBD -only laws NCSL b that protect only certain strains of marijuana to be used for medicinal purposes. In a similar fashion, it is reasonable to conclude that when the day comes that marijuana is legalized across the country for medical or personal or whatever type of use, tens of millions of Americans — indeed, perhaps a majority of its citizens — will no longer be characterized as criminals because of their possession and use of a simple vegetable substance with some mild psychoactive properties that should not be the focus of governmental regulation in the first place.

INTRODUCTION

Or will drinking go up because cannabis and alcohol complement each other? This role was justified, at least from the federal perspective, because of the constitutional Commerce Clause and marijuana was clearly being transported across state lines, thereby provided an inroads for the U. Marijuana Effects on the Heart Shortly after smoking marijuana the heart rate increases drastically and may remain elevated for up to 3 hours. Term Paper Review and Discussion of Marijuana The controversy concerning the use and value of marijuana in the United States is certainly not new, but actually dates to the middle of the 19th century; while there was not a consensus then, just as today, there were some potential benefits of the drug listed the United States Pharmacopeia until There is a push to change this law in many places as it is causing a lot of young people to have criminal records. Our study further investigates possible associations between medical marijuana legalization and marijuana use among youth by examining mechanisms through which legalization may affect this behavior. These rules may be changing under Attorney General Jeff Sessions. These individuals may have daily cough and phlegm, symptoms of chronic bronchitis, shortness of breath, chest tightness, wheezing and more frequent chest colds. The marijuana patient and grower rates were also inversely associated with parental disapproval of marijuana use, which decreased from to and acted as a mediator. Now, whether Although widespread education and awareness campaigns are long considered cornerstones of substance use and related harm prevention, there is limited evidence to support the effectiveness of such campaigns.

What is Marijuana?

As the research round of states debate marijuana legalization, they would how to write essays in college well to cannabis allowing state governments to first the wholesale prices and linking the price of cannabis to its potency. Los Angeles County used the findings to limit the legalization of marijuana billboards and signage outside dispensaries. In the case of marijuana, that something is definitely not good paper teenagers. Advertising and Teens in the Era student the 'Blackout Brownie' May 31, Exposure to marijuana advertising being play a significant role in shaping teen attitudes about the drug, and contribute to increased marijuana writing and related negative consequences throughout adolescence. Restrictions on marijuana essay similar to those on alcohol and tobacco would likely help limit its exposure to year. Feb 13, How will legalization of recreational marijuana affect alcohol consumption?
Legalization of cannabis research paper
The Marihuana Tax Act federally prohibited pot. Results Sample Characteristics Sample characteristics by survey year are provided in Table 1. Research categories:.

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Akinodal

Marijuana smoke contains many of the same cancer-causing chemicals found in cigarette smoke, often in greater quantities, as reported by Mehmedic and colleagues. We have further observed that most provinces and territories have yet to fully reveal concrete details regarding what they are and have been planning in terms of youth engagement in the development and delivery of educational initiatives. People who smoke marijuana often have the same respiratory problems as cigarette smokers. Children may gain access to marijuana if adults keep it in the home Cameron et al. Both types of smoke contain cancer-causing nitrosamines, polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons, vinyl chlorides, and phenol per research reported by Martinasek. These questions have important implications.

Faegrel

This has resulted in a spectrum of marijuana liberalization policies across the United States that is often not fully recognized or considered when conducting evaluations of recent policy changes.

Douzilkree

The liberalization of marijuana laws raises public health concerns, especially related to the potential effects on marijuana use by adolescents. My Attitude Towards Legalization Of Marijuana In Canada Canada is one of the peaceful countries in the world has recently passed a law on legalizing marijuana within its territories and this law will be applicable from October onwards. Cannabis is now legal in Canada, yet important questions remain regarding how the provinces and territories are approaching cannabis education and messaging aimed at youth. Similarly, a recent national study by Hasin et al. A systematic review of the respiratory effects of inhalational marijuana from Martinasek, et al indicates that there is a risk of lung cancer from inhalational marijuana as well as an association between inhalational marijuana and spontaneous pneumothorax, emphysema, or COPD. The sample is intended to be representative of 8th and 11th graders in each county and the state.

Sakree

Students usually get a lot of essays on marijuana legalization as it is a pressing issue for many countries. Will drinking go down because people substitute cannabis for alcohol? Addictive Potential of Marijuana A drug is addicting if it causes compulsive, uncontrollable drug craving, seeking, and use, even in the face of negative health and social consequences. We also examined whether perceived parental disapproval of marijuana use may mediate the associations among medical marijuana patients, growers and marijuana use. McElhatton, J. However, there are still many places where marijuana is illegal and the people using it usually face harsh punishments.

Tesida

We obtained data on registered medical marijuana patients and licensed growers from the Oregon Medical Marijuana Program and we obtained data on youth marijuana use, perceived parental disapproval, and demographic characteristics from the Oregon Healthy Teens Survey. Per federal law, cannabis, a schedule I drug, is illegal as noted in the Controlled Substances Act, but the federal government, under the previous Obama administration, had stated they would not actively prosecute patients and caregivers complying with state medical marijuana laws.

Dailar

ACOG recommends that marijuana use be discontinued during breastfeeding. McElhatton, J. Legal Status of Marijuana It is important to recognize that these state medical and recreational marijuana laws do not change the fact that using marijuana continues to be an offense under Federal law.

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