Malaysia[ edit ] Malaysian universities often follow the British model for dissertations and degrees. However, a few universities follow the United States model for theses and dissertations. Branch campuses of British, Australian and Middle East universities in Malaysia use the respective models of the home campuses.
Pakistan[ edit ] In Pakistan, at undergraduate level the thesis is usually called final year project, as it is completed in the senior year of the degree, the name project usually implies that the work carried out is less extensive than a thesis and bears lesser credit hours too. The undergraduate level project is presented through an elaborate written report and a presentation to the advisor, a board of faculty members and students.
At graduate level however, i. A written report and a public thesis defense is mandatory, in the presence of a board of senior researchers, consisting of members from an outside organization or a university. A PhD candidate is supposed to accomplish extensive research work to fulfill the dissertation requirements with international publications being a mandatory requirement.
The defense of the research work is done publicly. However, in Philippine English , the term doctorate is typically replaced with doctoral as in the case of "doctoral dissertation" , though in official documentation the former is still used. The Philippine system is influenced by American collegiate system, in that it requires a research project to be submitted before being allowed to write a thesis. This project is mostly given as a prerequisite writing course to the actual thesis and is accomplished in the term period before; supervision is provided by one professor assigned to a class.
This project is later to be presented in front of an academic panel, often the entire faculty of an academic department, with their recommendations contributing to the acceptance, revision, or rejection of the initial topic. In addition, the presentation of the research project will help the candidate choose their primary thesis adviser. An undergraduate thesis is completed in the final year of the degree alongside existing seminar lecture or laboratory courses, and is often divided into two presentations: proposal and thesis presentations though this varies across universities , whereas a master thesis or doctorate dissertation is accomplished in the last term alone and is defended once.
In most universities, a thesis is required for the bestowment of a degree to a candidate alongside a number of units earned throughout their academic period of stay, though for practice and skills-based degrees a practicum and a written report can be achieved instead. The examination board often consists of 3 to 5 examiners, often professors in a university with a Masters or PhD degree depending on the university's examination rules.
Required word length, complexity, and contribution to scholarship varies widely across universities in the country. The academic dissertation for a PhD is called a dysertacja or praca doktorska. The submission for the Habilitation is called praca habilitacyjna" or dysertacja habilitacyjna". Thus the term dysertacja is reserved for PhD and Habilitation degrees. All the theses need to be "defended" by the author during a special examination for the given degree. Examinations for PhD and Habilitation degrees are public.
The defense is done in a public presentation in which teachers, students, and the general public can participate. For the PhD, a thesis tese is presented for defense in a public exam.
The exam typically extends over 3 hours. The examination board typically involves 5 to 6 scholars including the advisor or other experts with a PhD degree generally at least half of them must be external to the university where the candidate defends the thesis, but it may depend on the University.
Russia, Kazakhstan, Belarus, Ukraine[ edit ] In Russia, Kazakhstan, Belarus, and Ukraine an academic dissertation or thesis is called what can be literally translated as a "master's degree work" thesis , whereas the word dissertation is reserved for doctoral theses Candidate of Sciences. To complete a master's degree, a student is required to write a thesis and to then defend the work publicly.
The length of this manuscript usually is given in page count and depends upon educational institution, its departments, faculties, and fields of study[ citation needed ] Slovenia[ edit ] At universities in Slovenia, an academic thesis called diploma thesis is a prerequisite for completing undergraduate studies. The thesis used to be 40—60 pages long, but has been reduced to 20—30 pages in new Bologna process programmes. To complete Master's studies, a candidate must write magistrsko delo Master's thesis that is longer and more detailed than the undergraduate thesis.
The required submission for the doctorate is called doktorska disertacija doctoral dissertation. In pre Bologna programmes students were able to skip the preparation and presentation of a Master's thesis and continue straightforward towards doctorate.
Sweden[ edit ] Cover page of a licentiate dissertation in Sweden In Sweden, there are different types of theses. The undergraduate theses are called uppsats, sometimes examensarbete, especially at technical programmes.
After that there are two types of post graduate theses, licentiate thesis and PhD dissertation. A licentiate degree is approximately "half a PhD" in terms of size and scope of the thesis. The main similarity between the dissertation and the thesis is the structure.
Both have an introduction, literary review, main body, conclusion, bibliography and appendix. But that is the extent in which they are similar. Differences Between a Masters Thesis and Doctoral Dissertation Generally in the US, a thesis is the final project for the masters degree and a dissertation leads to a doctoral degree.
Those pursuing a masters degree must perform research on a specific subject that demonstrates their knowledge acquired through their program.
Despite what you might hear, a thesis isn't always a requirement for completing all graduate school programs. It often depends on the type of subject you study, but some schools offer both a thesis and a non-thesis route that lets students take more classes in lieu of doing a thesis.
Once you learn more about the alternatives to a thesis, you can better decide which option is right for you. What is a Thesis? Students enrolled in a terminal program can opt for the non-thesis route, but they will often still need to do some type of paper or project before graduating.
In some cases, a university will offer an intense comprehensive examination as an alternative to writing a thesis. Not all students want to write and complete a thesis before graduating. If you want to know whether you will have to write a thesis to get a Master's degree, it is vital for you to investigate your program of study, review your options, and figure out the best way for you to complete your Master's degree.
You will learn more with a Thesis than you will in any other class. The purpose of a college education is to prepare you to make a living when you graduate.
You should develop the capability of Critical Thinking as well as being familiar with whatever subject field you majored in.
With a dissertation, you are expected to use the research of others only to guide you in your own research to come up with a completely new hypothesis. Philippines[ edit ] In the Philippines, a thesis is followed by an oral defense. At some U. Schools that offer fieldwork in lieu of a thesis often require that students complete detailed logs of the work they do and present those logs to the department before graduating. Bachelor's and master's theses receive numerical grades from 1. This examination normally occurs after the dissertation is finished but before it is submitted to the university, and may comprise a presentation often public by the student and questions posed by an examining committee or jury.
Before embarking upon a graduate program, you should know whether you will have to write a thesis to get a Master's degree. This long paper typically sums up the work and experience that a student did in the graduate program and shows that the student has completed all requirements and is ready for the culmination of the degree. Seeking a PhD is different in that your dissertation must contribute something completely new and undiscovered to your field. A grade may be awarded, though in many countries PhDs are not graded at all, and in others, only one of the theoretically possible grades the highest is ever used in practice.