You are on page 1of 2 Search inside document The Five Generations of Computers The history of computer development is often referred to in reference to the different generations of computing devices. Each generation of computer is characterized by a major technological development that fundamentally changed the way computers operate, resulting in increasingly smaller, cheaper, more powerful and more efficient and reliable devices.
Read about each generation and the developments that led to the current devices that we use today. First Generation - Vacuum Tubes The first computers used vacuum tubes for circuitry and magnetic drums for memory, and were often enormous, taking up entire rooms.
They were very expensive to operate and in addition to using a great deal of electricity, generated a lot of heat, which was often the cause of malfunctions. First generation computers relied on machine language to perform operations, and they could only solve one problem at a time. Examples This generation is the Apple I computer which was developed by Steve Wozniak and Steve Jobs with how to enter the microprocessor on the circuit board computer. This computer is very popular in the early 80's.
Due to the price offered is not much different from any other computer, in addition to much better technology and big names from IBM itself, then in a very short time, the computer has become very popular. Fifth Generation now - future x In this generation is marked by the emergence of: LSI Large Scale Integration , which represents thousands of microprocessor compaction into a microprocesor.
In addition, also marked by the emergence of microprocessor and semi-conductors. Companies that make micro-processors include: Intel Corporation, Motorola, Zilog and others again. In the market we can see a microprocessor from Intel with the models , , , , , and Pentium. As a result of the miniaturization, speed, power, and computer memory has proportionally increased.
Each generation of computers is characterized by major technological development that fundamentally changed the way computers operate, resulting in increasingly smaller, cheaper, and more powerful and more efficient and reliable devices.
A vacuum tube was a fragile glass device, which used filaments as a source of electronics and could control and amplify electronic signals. It was the only high-speed electronics and could control and amplify electronics signals. It was the only high-speed electronic switching device available in those days. These vacuum tube computers could perform computations in milliseconds and were referred to as first-generation computers. The memory of these computers used electromagnetic relays, and all data and instructions were fed into the system from punched cards.
The instructions were written in machine and assembly language. Since machine and assembly languages are very difficult to work with, only a few specialists understood how to program these early computers.
They were too bulky in size, requiring large rooms for installation. They used thousands of vacuum tubes that emitted large amount of heat and burnt out frequently. Power consumption of these computers was high. Vacuum tubes used filaments and thus had limited life. These computers required constant maintenance. These computers were limited to solving one problem at a time. Input was based on punched cards and paper tape. Output came out on print-outs. They were a big improvement over the vacuum tube, despite still subjecting computers to damaging levels of heat.
However they were hugely superior to the vacuum tubes, making computers smaller, faster, cheaper and less heavy on electricity use. Did You Know An integrated circuit IC is a small electronic device made out of a semiconductor material. What in the first generation filled an entire room could now fit in the palm of the hand. In IBM introduced its first computer for the home user, and in Apple introduced the Macintosh.
Microprocessors also moved out of the realm of desktop computers and into many areas of life as more and more everyday products began to use microprocessors.May 29, Computers are such an integral part of our everyday life assignment most people take computer and what they have added to life totally for granted. Assignment more so the generation who have grown from infancy within the global computer and laptop generation since the s. The history of the computer goes back several decades however and generation are five definable generations of help with professional scholarship essay on trump. Each generation is defined by a significant technological development that changes fundamentally how computers operate — leading to more compact, less expensive, but more powerful, efficient and robust stalin red tsar essay writer.
Standardization of programming languages allowed programs written for one computer to be easily ported and executed on another computer. This heat needs to be neutralized by components another that serves as a coolant. As a result of the miniaturization, speed, power, and computer memory has proportionally increased. The transistor was far superior to the vacuum tube, allowing computers to become smaller, faster, cheaper, more energy-efficient and more reliable than their first-generation predecessors. These computers required constant maintenance. Fifth Generation now - future x In this generation is marked by the emergence of: LSI Large Scale Integration , which represents thousands of microprocessor compaction into a microprocesor.
Due to the use of transistors these computers were more powerful, more reliable, less expensive, smaller and cooler to operate than the first generation computers. Second Generation - Transistors Transistors replaced vacuum tubes and ushered in the second generation of computers. These were also the first computers that stored their instructions in their memory, which moved from a magnetic drum to magnetic core technology.
Quantum computation and molecular and nanotechnology will radically change the face of computers in years to come. These were inefficient materials which generated a lot of heat, sucked huge electricity and subsequently generated a lot of heat which caused ongoing breakdowns. Leaning to the future, computers will be radically transformed again by quantum computation, molecular and nano technology. The year saw the first ever computer IBM specifically designed for home use and saw the MacIntosh introduced by Apple. Input was based on punched cards and paper tape, and output was displayed on printouts.
In every field there are memory magnetic rings, each representing 1 bit of information. This heat needs to be neutralized by components another that serves as a coolant. The early versions of these machines were developed for the atomic energy industry. They used thousands of vacuum tubes that emitted large amount of heat and burnt out frequently.
Posted by. The goal of fifth-generation computing is to develop devices that respond to natural language input and are capable of learning and self- organization. These computers required constant maintenance. First generation computers relied on machine language to perform operations, and they could only solve one problem at a time. Computers are used to automate first introduced in by PDC , which has 4 KB kilo-byte memory and 8 bits for core memory. The increased power of these small computers meant they could be linked, creating networks.
This computer is very popular in the early 80's. Development and introduction of mini-computers also took place during the third generation period. They were more reliable and less prone to hardware failures than the first generation computers. This term is also used in the different advancements of new computer technology. The use of parallel processing and superconductors is helping to make artificial intelligence a reality.
The Intel chip housed thousands of integrated circuits. Quantum computation and molecular and nanotechnology will radically change the face of computers in years to come. This meant programmers could create instructions in words. With each new generation, the circuitry has gotten smaller and more advanced than the previous generation before it. A generation refers to the state of improvement in the product development process. In , Intel Corp.
As a result they were enormous, literally taking up entire rooms and costing a fortune to run. The goal of fifth-generation computing is to develop devices that respond to natural language input and are capable of learning and self- organization. Commercial production of these computers was difficult and costly because thousands of individual transistors were assembled manually by hand into electronic circuits.