Example: According to their website, a breeding centre for endangered Arabian animals started functioning in February "Sharjah Natural History". Two Types of In-Text Citation 1. A quotation helps support your arguement by showing that other experts agree with you. For example: Wordsworth stated that Romantic poetry was marked by a "spontaneous overflow of powerful feelings" Romantic poetry is characterized by the "spontaneous overflow of powerful feelings" Wordsworth Wordsworth extensively explored the role of emotion in the creative process Both citations in the examples above, and Wordsworth , tell readers that the information in the sentence can be located on page of a work by an author named Wordsworth.
If readers want more information about this source, they can turn to the Works Cited page, where, under the name of Wordsworth, they would find the following information: Wordsworth, William. Lyrical Ballads. Oxford UP, Human beings have been described by Kenneth Burke as "symbol-using animals" 3. Human beings have been described as "symbol-using animals" Burke 3.
These examples must correspond to an entry that begins with Burke, which will be the first thing that appears on the left-hand margin of an entry in the Works Cited: Burke, Kenneth. University of California Press, In-text citations for print sources by a corporate author When a source has a corporate author, it is acceptable to use the name of the corporation followed by the page number for the in-text citation.
You should also use abbreviations e. In-text citations for print sources with no known author When a source has no known author, use a shortened title of the work instead of an author name. Place the title in quotation marks if it's a short work such as an article or italicize it if it's a longer work e. We see so many global warming hotspots in North America likely because this region has "more readily accessible climatic data and more comprehensive programs to monitor and study environmental change.
In this example, since the reader does not know the author of the article, an abbreviated title of the article appears in the parenthetical citation which corresponds to the full name of the article which appears first at the left-hand margin of its respective entry in the Works Cited. Thus, the writer includes the title in quotation marks as the signal phrase in the parenthetical citation in order to lead the reader directly to the source on the Works Cited page.
Accessed 23 Mar. We'll learn how to make a Works Cited page in a bit, but right now it's important to know that parenthetical citations and Works Cited pages allow readers to know which sources you consulted in writing your essay, so that they can either verify your interpretation of the sources or use them in their own scholarly work. Author-page citation for classic and literary works with multiple editions Page numbers are always required, but additional citation information can help literary scholars, who may have a different edition of a classic work like Marx and Engels's The Communist Manifesto.
Usually, the title of the page or article appears in a header at the top of the page. Follow this with the information covered above for entire Web sites.
If the publisher is the same as the website name, only list it once. Lundman, Susan. Accessed 6 July An E-Book Citations for e-books closely resemble those for physical books. Simply indicate that the book in question is an e-book by putting the term "e-book" in the "version" slot of the MLA template i.
Silva, Paul J. If the e-book is formatted for a specific reader device or service, you can indicate this by treating this information the same way you would treat a physical book's edition number. The Prince, translated by W. Marriott, Kindle ed.
An Image Including a Painting, Sculpture, or Photograph Provide the artist's name, the work of art italicized, the date of creation, the institution and city where the work is housed. Follow this initial entry with the name of the Website in italics, and the date of access. Goya, Francisco. The Family of Charles IV. Museo Nacional del Prado, Madrid. Museo Nacional del Prado, www.
Accessed 22 May Klee, Paul. Twittering Machine. Museum of Modern Art, New York. Citing Web Pages In Text Cite web pages in text as you would any other source, using the author if known. If the author is not known, use the title as the in-text citation. Your in-text citation should lead your reader to the corresponding entry in the reference list.
Below are examples of using in-text citation with web pages. Entire website with author: Parents play an important role in helping children learn techniques for coping with bullying Kraiser.
Reference entry Kraizer, Sherryll. Sources With Three or More Authors There are a number of sources written or created by three or more authors. Many research studies and reports, scholarly journal articles, and government publications are developed by three or more individuals.
If you included the last names of all individuals in your MLA in-text citations or references in parentheses, it would be too distracting to the reader.
It may also cause the reader to lose sight of the overall message of the paper or assignment. Instead of including all last names, only include the last name of the first individual shown on the source. The abbreviation et al. To discover more about previous editions, learn more here.Use essays title if there is no obvious author. If your Works Cited list entry starts with the article title, use the article title. For a websites with mla author, use the cite or mla title for your in-text citation. If it websites a long title, you can shorten it to the first three words. Example: How to cite website, a breeding centre for endangered Arabian animals how functioning in February "Sharjah Natural History". Two Essays of In-Text Citation 1.
MLA in-text citation style uses the author's last name and the page number from which the quotation or paraphrase is taken, for example: Smith The authors claim that one cause of obesity in the United States is government-funded farm subsidies Franck et al.
University of Colorado, Boulder, If the quotation will run to more than 4 lines in your paper, you must use a block format in which the quotation is indented 1 inch from the left margin, double spaced with no quotation marks. Langhamer, Claire. The Prince, translated by W. General Guidelines In MLA style the author's name can be included either in the narrative text of your paper, or in parentheses following the reference to the source.
Coalition for Children, , www. Notice the shortened title in the above reference. Miller 12 , others note that the advantages for medical research outweigh this consideration A. Twittering Machine. In addition to awareness-raising, practicing listening to accented speech has been shown to improve listening comprehension. This material may not be published, reproduced, broadcast, rewritten, or redistributed without permission.
Even brief exposure to accented speech can help listeners improve their comprehension, thereby improving the level of service to international patrons. Put short titles of books in italics and short titles of articles in quotation marks. Place the title in quotation marks if it's a short work such as an article or italicize it if it's a longer work e.