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How to write a literature review for a research paper pdf

  • 14.03.2019
How to write a literature review for a research paper pdf

Cimanuk No. Nasution No. Setiabudi No. A literature review can be just a simple summary of the sources, but it usually has an organizational pattern and combines both summary and synthesis. It demands a range of skills, such as learning how to define topics for exploration, acquiring skills of literature searching and retrieval, developing the ability to analyze and synthesize data as well as becoming adept at writing and reporting, often within a limited time scale.

Key Words — Literature review; Literature searching; Writing a review. A literature review of a mature topic addresses the need for a critique of, and the potential reconceptualization of, the expanding and more diversified knowledge base of the topic as it continues to develop. The second kind of literature review addresses new or emerging topics that would benefit from a holistic conceptualization and synthesis of the literature.

Because these topics are relatively new and have not yet undergone a comprehensive review of the literature, the review is more likely to lead to an initial or preliminary conceptualization of the topic like a new model or framework. The reasons for undertaking a literature review are numerous and include eliciting information for developing policies and evidence-based care, a step in the research process and as part of an academic assessment.

To many qualified students faced with undertaking a literature review the task appears daunting. Frequently-asked questions range from where to start, how to select a subject, and how International Journal of Basic and Applied Science, Vol.

A summary is a recap of the important information of the source, but a synthesis is a re-organization, or a reshuffling, of that information. It might give a new interpretation of old material or combine new with old interpretations.

Or it might trace the intellectual progression of the field, including major debates. And depending on the situation, the literature review may evaluate the sources and advise the reader on the most pertinent or relevant writingcenter. Literature reviews are designed to provide an overview of sources you have explored while researching a particular topic and to demonstrate to your readers how your research fits into the larger field of study libguides.

A literature review is a description of the literature relevant to a particular field or topic. It gives an overview of what has been said, who the key writers are, what are the prevailing theories and hypotheses, what questions are being asked, and what methods and methodologies are appropriate and useful.

As such, it is not in itself primary research, but rather it reports on other findings Emerald Group Publishing, n. The primary reports used in the literature may be verbal, but in the vast majority of cases reports are written documents. The publisher does not give any warranty express or implied or make any representation that the contents will be complete or accurate or up to date. The accuracy of any instructions, formulae, and drug doses should be independently verified with primary sources.

The publisher shall not be liable for any loss, actions, claims, proceedings, demand, or costs or damages whatsoever or howsoever caused arising directly or indirectly in connection with or arising out of the use of this material. Denney and Richard Tewksbury Learning how to effectively write a literature review is a critical tool for success for an academic, and perhaps even professional career.

Being able to summarize and synthesize prior research pertaining to a certain topic not only demonstrates having a good grasp on available information for a topic, but it also assists in the learning process.

Included in this discussion are foci on the struc- ture, process, and art of writing a literature review. What is a Literature Review? The overview both shows the reader what is known about a topic, and what is not yet known, thereby setting up the rationale or need for a new investigation, which is what the actual study to which the liter- ature review is attached seeks to do.

Stated a bit differently Creswell , pp. As an overview, a well done literature review includes all of the main themes and subthemes found within the general topic chosen for the study.

The most common and most appropriate sources to draw upon and use as evidence in a review of a topic are articles found in academic journals and books. Howeve r, the availability of academic journal articles may vary tremen- dously depending on the research topic chosen.

Other commonly accepted resources to use are governmental publications and newspaper articles to just name a few. Also, both classic if available and the most recent studies need to be included to demonstrate an in-depth understanding of the topic at hand. Why is it Important? Literature reviews are important for a number of reasons. And, by reviewing and reporting on all prior literature, weaknesses and shortcomings of prior literature will become more apparent. It is important to keep in mind that it is not realistic to expect readers to be familiar w ith all of the relevant background and pre-existing knowledge about any topic.

This is not a new idea, three decades ago Cooper, , p.

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A literature review anchors the rest of a scholarly article. The reasons for undertaking a literature review are numerous and include eliciting information for developing policies and evidence-based care, a step in the research process and as part of an academic assessment. The vast majority of literature reviews serve as a section of a primary research article that provides the theoretical foundation for the main study that is the subject of the article. Nasution No. Being able to summarize and synthesize prior research pertaining to a certain topic not only demonstrates having a good grasp on available information for a topic, but it also assists in the learning process. Why is it Important?
How to write a literature review for a research paper pdf

Literature reviews are important for a number of reasons. A literature review is a description of the literature relevant to a particular field or topic. The primary reports used in the literature may be verbal, but in the vast majority of cases reports are written documents. What Does a Literature Review Include?
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Included in this discussion are foci on the struc- ture, process, and art of writing a literature review. It should contain a clear search and selection strategy Carnwell and Daly, ; Cronin, et al. The publisher shall not be liable for any loss, actions, claims, proceedings, demand, or costs or damages whatsoever or howsoever caused arising directly or indirectly in connection with or arising out of the use of this material. And, by reviewing and reporting on all prior literature, weaknesses and shortcomings of prior literature will become more apparent. Cimanuk No. Nasution No. Setiabudi No. A literature review can be just a simple summary of the sources, but it usually has an organizational pattern and combines both summary and synthesis.

Beecroft et. Literature reviews are important for a number of reasons. A literature review is an objective, thorough summary and critical analysis of the relevant available research and non-research literature on the topic being studied Hart, ; Cronin, et al. The accuracy of any instructions, formulae, and drug doses should be independently verified with primary sources. Also, it is important that these concepts cover the entire relevant and related scope of previous literature pertaining to the current research topic, even if it does not directly coincide with it.
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Content uploaded by Andrew S. Denney Author content All content in this area was uploaded by Andrew S. Denney on Aug 21, Content may be subject to copyright. To cite this article: Andrew S.

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Literature reviews can take on a number of different focuses that vary accord- ing to the type of research question that the review functions to set up in the current study. Because these topics are relatively new and have not yet undergone a comprehensive review of the literature, the review is more likely to lead to an initial or preliminary conceptualization of the topic like a new model or framework. Parahoo suggests that a systematic review should detail the time frame within which the literature was selected, as well as the methods used to evaluate and synthesize findings of the studies in question. Finally, it would need to focus on the primary subtopics of alco hol abuse i. Its goal is to bring the reader up-to-date with current literature on a topic and form the basis for another goal, such as the justification for future research in the area.
How to write a literature review for a research paper pdf
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Comments

Felmaran

Key Words — Literature review; Literature searching; Writing a review. Because these topics are relatively new and have not yet undergone a comprehensive review of the literature, the review is more likely to lead to an initial or preliminary conceptualization of the topic like a new model or framework. This is not a new idea, three decades ago Cooper, , p.

Yozshurn

The accuracy of any instructions, formulae, and drug doses should be independently verified with primary sources. Howeve r, the availability of academic journal articles may vary tremen- dously depending on the research topic chosen. Beecroft et.

Faelkis

It is well written and contains few if any personal biases. Rather, a literature review should educate the reader about what individual studies have contributed to our accumulated knowledge, but do so with a focus on discussing concepts or themes or types of issues related to the gen- eral topic. Parahoo suggests that a systematic review should detail the time frame within which the literature was selected, as well as the methods used to evaluate and synthesize findings of the studies in question. A literature review of a mature topic addresses the need for a critique of, and the potential reconceptualization of, the expanding and more diversified knowledge base of the topic as it continues to develop. Cimanuk No.

Akikazahn

The most common and most appropriate sources to draw upon and use as evidence in a review of a topic are articles found in academic journals and books.

Fekasa

However, how this is done will differ from study to study. Cimanuk No. It should contain a clear search and selection strategy Carnwell and Daly, ; Cronin, et al. And, by reviewing and reporting on all prior literature, weaknesses and shortcomings of prior literature will become more apparent. Good structuring is essential to enhance the flow and readability of the review Colling,

Tygozshura

Nasution No. The primary focus will be related to the individual concepts of the general research question.

Togami

Its goal is to bring the reader up-to-date with current literature on a topic and form the basis for another goal, such as the justification for future research in the area. It demands a range of skills, such as learning how to define topics for exploration, acquiring skills of literature searching and retrieval, developing the ability to analyze and synthesize data as well as becoming adept at writing and reporting, often within a limited time scale.

Faekazahn

In that capacity, Fink describes multiple purposes for literature reviews. The reasons for undertaking a literature review are numerous and include eliciting information for developing policies and evidence-based care, a step in the research process and as part of an academic assessment. A literature review can be just a simple summary of the sources, but it usually has an organizational pattern and combines both summary and synthesis. Primary purpose of this article is to provide the reader with a comprehensive background for understanding current knowledge and highlighting the significance of new research.

Moogugul

The overview both shows the reader what is known about a topic, and what is not yet known, thereby setting up the rationale or need for a new investigation, which is what the actual study to which the liter- ature review is attached seeks to do.

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