Mostly all confessing witches during this period were females ranging in age from less than ten to more than seventy. Out of the forty-eight possessed, mostly were females.
Another 38 percent were over twenty while 18 percent were under sixteen. Three-fourths of the non-possessed accusers whose main concern was maleficium were men. In , the legislature passed the Reversal of Attainder, which was an act to clear the names of everyone jailed during the trials.
Massachusetts also repaid the survivors and the heirs for jail and court fees and for some property that the government had taken away from them. The government also wrote up a sincere apology for their mistake in proceeding with the trials when there was no solid evidence and for possibly executing innocent people.
Why were so many innocent people jailed or even killed? How could anyone have hanged their neighbor for being a witch? People pondered on what kind of an illness could have been mistaken for the symptoms of possession, but some thought that the possessed were simply liars and fools. Many times, the Puritans were blamed for the trials, encouraging witchcraft fears, and the number of people affected by them. Some people believe that the Puritans blamed anyone who was different as being a witch.
This was because the Puritans had always suspected, as one of their main beliefs, that the Devil envied their way of life and was constantly trying his best to make their lives miserable. By accusing so many people of being witches, they thought they were just purifying the church and their community.
Even then, if they did not confess to being guilty, they were punished sometimes even killed. Although the law is innocent until proven guilty, and had been practiced before the trials, in the case of the witchcraft trials, the accused witches were guilty until proven innocent. Not many were given the chance to prove themselves to be innocent.
Endnotes 1. The question of "Why Salem? Among other ideas, studies of Salem have emphasized property and other local quarrels; the lying antics of the afflicted girls; conflict between rival settlement groups; the religious enthusiasm of Samuel Parris; the existence of residents actually practicing witchcraft and magic; generational tensions; and the effects of hallucinatory-inducing ergotism or of encephalitis letharica.
While some arguments are unconvincing to scholars, particularly the medical conditions of ergotism poisoning or encephalitis, others offer a useful, though partial, understanding of an event that defies a single explanation.
Among the numerous explanations of Salem, one has a special prominence, and the data sets in Section Three relate to it. In a now-classic study, Salem Possessed , Paul Boyer and Stephen Nissenbaum examine how social and economic tensions within Salem Village resulted in the witch hunt of Boyer and Nissenbaum uncovered a deep rift in Salem Village between those who supported the ministry of Samuel Parris as well as the witch hunt and those who objected to or withheld support from Parris and the pursuit of witches.
Behind the conflict between the village's pro- and anti-Parris factions was a momentous clash over economic modernization. The anti-Parris group was associated with the forces of market capitalism and were its beneficiaries in terms of their greater wealth. The pro-Parris group was associated with traditional agrarian values rooted in support for the village church; they were considerably poorer than their rivals.
Much, though by no means all, of the evidence for the economic condition of each faction came from an analysis of the village's tax assessment, taken about three years after the witchcraft episode.
The website's tax data sets permit a more thorough investigation of the relative position of Salem Village's two factions by extending the economic analysis over a period from and by examining both group and individual mobility. They allow users to think analytically about categories of economic standing e. The analysis does not always yield clear-cut results, and users may interpret the findings somewhat differently. But it appears that while the village's tax data provides some support for Salem Possessed, they generally casts doubt on the book's thesis.
For example, investigation confirms relatively large wealth disparities between the pro- and anti-Parris groups in But much other data undermines that evidence. The tax list for the year most proximate to the witchcraft outbreak, , reveals little difference between the two factions. Furthermore, when placed in a longer perspective, the assessment proves to be an aberration. Over the period of time between and , the pro-Parris group was not falling behind the anti-Parris group.
If anything, the pro-Parris group was advancing relative to its opponent and the factions were drawing closer together. This was especially true for the period leading up to the outbreak: in the decade from , disparities between the two groups virtually disappeared. Doc E the map shows that more accusers lived on the western part of the town and the accused lived on the eastern part.
The people in the eastern half of Salem Village gained wealth and political power. The other half of Salem farmed poorer land and lost political power. It seems that the western part of Salem was jealous of the other half. Of the fourteen accused witches living in the village, twelve lived in the eastern section. This event caused problems with trust and paranoia between many people. Turns out that the Salem Witch Trials were just a hoax after all.
The mass hysteria of the Salem Witch Trials began in early Most of the testimonies given by the townspeople were random happenstances that were told to make the accused seem guilty. Other types of evidence given were statements about the accusers being bitten and pinched; this apparently classified as bewitching someone. Some of the accused claimed to be conspiring with the devil so they would not be executed and instead be put in prison Godbeer Arthur Miller was able to subtly protest the rise of McCarthyism through his literary works, especially in his play The Crucible, because he understood the universal experience of not being able to believe that the people have gone insane The outburst of these events could be blamed on several things.
Certain things like economics, medicines and culture have to be taken into account when trying to understand the events of the Salem Witch Trials. People like Franklin Jr. Mixon, Linnda R. Caporael, Dr. Allan Woolf, Elaine G. Brewslaw, and Isaac Ariail Reed take into account one of the three: economics, medicines and culture and explain as to why or why not the event happened the way it did disregarding all the other factors The Salem Witch Trials occurred due to tension reaching its peak in Salem, Massachusetts that effected women even to this day.
In the year , Salem was officially established located on Massachusetts north shore. Most of the settlers were English or of English decent and as a result they carried over many English laws.
Also in the year , England issued a charter that allowed young Salem the right to self-govern The manifestation of the unfamiliar symptoms, and Puritan 17th century ideology, initiated a yearning for rationalization for the behaviour. Therefore to explain their behaviour the young women accused the slave woman Tituba of practicing witchcraft and afflicting them. Thus began the Salem Witch Trials. The Salem, Massachusetts Witch Trials have generated extensive evaluation and interpretation Elizabeth Proctor was married to a honest, blunt-spoken man named John Proctor.
Married young, the couple seemed to be shying further away from each other instead of closer together. Elizabeth was a moral, composed, Christian woman who believed she lead the perfect life. Because she was honest, courageous, and reverent, Elizabeth would rather have sacrificed her life than lie to try and save it The Crucible - Salem Witch Trials vs The Crucible The events that took place in Salem Massachusetts during through , would forever define the colonial religious extremists, known as the Puritans.
The Salem Witch Trials created a distinct nuance, that marked a dark period in American history. The dramatized version of the Witch Trials, The Crucible, resulted in a semi accurate representation of the historical events that occurred in Salem Massachusetts.
The author Arthur Miller, wrote the playwright by incorporating factual content, as well as imaginary aspects that brought the characters of the Witch Trials to life The random outburst of the girls threw the town of Salem into a mass of hysteria. Although historians have not found a definite reason or cause for the witch trials, they have taken different approaches to explain the hysteria that took over Salem It is believed that only people associated with the devil can perform such acts.
The story of witchcraft is first and foremost the story of women. Although there is a more disturbing and more sinister part of our history. We refer to this as the Salem witch trials occurring in Massachusetts between and You might have heard of this from your history class, more than people were accused of witchcraft and therefore killed.
Even though none of these were said to be true, however those that were accused were usually either trialed or hanged in front of the fearful townsmen. Highlight what will be featured in the introduction, thesis statement, body paragraphs, and the conclusion.
Select concepts that best fit the theme of your paper and find inspiration from sample essays on Salem Witch Trial. They were both experiencing strange behavior and sudden fits. The youngsters were soon determined to have witchcraft, making a frenzy through Salem The Salem Witch Trials Vs.
By October, widespread disapproval with the Court was being expressed by civil and religious leaders and lay people.
It seems that the western part of Salem was jealous of the other half. People were executed based on accusations of being a witch. Many people accused others of being witches if they disliked them or if they were outsiders in society. Of the fourteen accused witches living in the village, twelve lived in the eastern section. Chaos continued to ensue as neighbors, friends, and family turned against one another. Many innocent people gave up their lives and protested their innocence of witchcraft.
The event started in the house of the new minister of Salem, Samuel Parris, when his daughter, Betty, suffered from mysterious symptoms, and later she accused her slave, Tibuta, for using witchcraft on her. Because she was honest, courageous, and reverent, Elizabeth would rather have sacrificed her life than lie to try and save it The Court of Oyer and Terminer was dissolved in October of The notorious witch trials of Salem, Massachusetts occurred from June through September.
Many innocent people died or went to jail for being accused a witch.
But these documents helped me have a general understanding of the Salem Witch Trials and the events that occurred that year. Elizabeth was a moral, composed, Christian woman who believed she lead the perfect life. You will be required to write a Salem Witch Trial essay.
When the Court resumed deliberations at the end of June, the legal machinery again fully supported a resurgence of afflictions and witchcraft accusations.
After John Proctor a long list of alleged witches followed. Instead of seeking justice of those accused of witchcraft, the inexperienced magistrates were led to presume guilt simply because of odd behavior These settlers were called the Puritans, dissenters from the Church of England Duboi and Dumenil , However, many of the people who aided in the accusing were said to have left Salem. Most of the settlers were English or of English decent and as a result they carried over many English laws.
While she was being tried, Martha Corey had the audacity to laugh at questions presented to her. But in the period from the end of June through September, activity shifted northward, especially to Andover and Gloucester. Reverend Samuel Parris played a pivotal role in preaching Christianity as well as eradicating evil from Salem village at that time. Since the witch hunt had all but ended in Salem Town and Village by June, its geographic spread was essential to its duration, although the way in which it moved from place to place and singled out its victims remains obscure.
Caporael, Dr. When accused of being a witch they were tortured, tested, put on trial, and most of the time executed if not put in jail.