Following the conclusion of the First World War, the economy of Russia was in shambles. The government desperately needed to industrialize and raise capital wealth promptly.
The First Five-Year Plan, launched in , focused on rapid industrialization and collectivization of agriculture. An organisation called Gosplan was created to plan all this out.
Josef Stalin, as he later named himself, was the son of Besarion Jughashvili and Ketevan Geladze, a working-class family, and was frequently beaten by his alcoholic father.
Josef was stricken with smallpox at the age of seven, most likely caused by his frailty and small size. As a result of his vulnerability and his development of smallpox, he was left with a face that was scarred and a left arm that was deformed for the remainder of his life; this was a cause for the cruel treatment he suffered from the other village children Stalin pulled his regime away from the that could be a continuation from Leninism would be the idea of government control over industry and agriculture.
This could also relate to the idea of taking control over the working class and the workers. One idea that stayed the same would be the economic policy. Although Stalin did stray a little far from the New Economic Policy, he did use the idea temporary. Another feature common to both Stalin and Lenin was their attempts to eliminate any democratic or representative forms of government Decades after his death his legacy still continues to create debate about his tumultuous years as the leader of the Soviet Union.
This is evident throughout the four documents while some praise Stalin as impeccable others criticize his policies and lack of political, economic, and social progress during his regime.
Even though Stalin was behind various violations of human rights he was able to maintain the Soviet Union during a time of turmoil both domestically and internationally as a result he has earned notoriety as a great leader and advocate for Marxist ideology The architecture of the Stalin era is generally associated with an emphasis on decoration and facade, a contrast to that of the previous decade where the emphasis was on radical thinking and human functionality.
Probably the most prominent moment for Soviet architectural history and official turning point from the end of Constructivist to Stalinist architecture was the competition of to design the Palace of Soviets building, which was capable of hosting meetings of up to 15, people In this paper I plan to prove that even though Stalin made improvements in the Russian industrial system, his rule did not benefit Russian society and the Russian people.
In order to accomplish this, several questions must be asked. How did Stalin affect Russia's industrial power. How did Stalin try to change Russia's agricultural system. What changes did Stalin make in society. What were Stalin's purges, and who did they effect Joseph Stalin is also among these heinous beings.
Stalin had a similar plan as that of Adolf Hitler: to rid the world of the Jews. Stalinism therefore covers the policies, reforms and regulations implemented within the Stalinist period of The effects of Stalinism however proved devastating for the Russian populace as through the use of manipulation and terror, these goals were attempted and achieved According to statistics, Joseph Stalin was far more heinous.
Joseph Stalin is considered one of the most controversial leaders in world history. Although the Soviet Union was transformed into a modern superpower under his rule, the ethics used are questionable.
Also, in order to maintain his control, Stalin exterminated his opposition There were many advantages as well as disadvantages to the plan. The five year plan was to set targets for the Soviet Union Russia as in order for Russia's 'socialism in one country' to work, Russia had to change from a backward agricultural country into an advanced industrial power. Stalin stated this in one of his speeches in where he said: "we are fifty to one hundred years behind the advance countries to the west, either we make up this gap in five to ten years or they will crush us.
His role and influence on history has had international effects and the impacts of his decisions are still being felt by people worldwide today. Joseph Stalin was born in Despite a childhood with an abusive father he was successfully accepted into priesthood. After only five years of priesthood Stalin was expelled, however at this time he was already a fervent Marxist To assess the degree to which the people and economy of Russia had improved as an affect of the First Five-Year Plan, the results of the plan will be given, including the effects of the plan on the different industries in Russia The experience of many lives lost, forced labor camps, little supply of food, influenced the Russians negative opinion about Stalin.
Collectivization, which began in , was seen as a vital part of the Five-Year Plan. It resulted by early in approximately 50 percent of peasant families joining collective farms where peasants owned the land but pooled their resources and labor and marketed the harvest cooperatively. Many, however, had been forced to join.
The level of rebellion was so high that Stalin had to retreat. Many left at that point, but continuous pressure resulted by in over 90 percent of peasant families joining either collective farms or state farms. One feature of collectivization was the hunt for kulaks, the so-called rich peasants. Often these were simply the most independent peasants in a village.
They were sometimes shot on the spot; at best, they might be given an hour to pack and then sent out to some desolate spot to begin again. Collectivization was a failure as an economic policy. In there was a massive famine in the Ukraine and the northern Caucasus region. Perhaps as many as 7 million peasants died. Soviet agriculture never fully recovered from the experience. Suggestions for Term Papers 1. Investigate the construction of Magnitogorsk and describe the hardships endured by ordinary workers there.
What was life like for peasants before the collectivization of agriculture? Nevertheless, these results were relatively small compared to Western standards and were accomplished at a great human cost. Furthermore, reported Soviet aggregate output figures were too high, not least by failing to take into account of the rising prices.
In terms of manufacturing infrastructure and technological advancements, a colossal industrial complex and city were constructed at Nizhni Novgorod on the Volga with the help of the Austin Company a large American firm , which was designed to produce over , vehicles per year. Among the other spectacular projects was the construction of the steel complex at Magnitogorsk, a brand-new city built from the ground up.
S The colossal project of Magnitogorsk was one prime example of the sixty or more towns created out of nothing during the First Five-Year Plan. Through the accelerated pace of industrialization employed in the Five-Year Plan, the Soviet Union began producing all the machinery and manufacturing plants necessary to supplement heavy industrialization. Major works included the Moscow, Nizhni-Novgorod, and Gorky automobile plants, the Urals and Kramatorsk heavy machinery plants, the Dnieprostroi hydro-electric project, the mammoth steel plants at Magnitogorsk and Kuznetsk, and the network of machine shops and chemical plants in the Urals.
Entirely new branches of industry were developed, such as aviation, plastics, and synthetic rubber. The plan constituted an important milestone in the process of the socioeconomic transformation of Russia. Based on the figures in Table , Stalin declared that the Five-Year Plan for industrial development had been fulfilled by Conclusion Essentially, the coercive and abrasive methods of industrialization employed by Stalin during his First Five-Year Plan were admittedly successful when viewed from a holistic perspective.
First of all, there were several consequences of the over-centralization and very high level of state power reflected in the economic policy of the USSR. Furthermore, due to the stringent political climate that drove the command, bureaucratic economy and encouraged severe output inflation among factories, the extent to which the industrialization results are credible is still unknown.
Secondly, the incorporation of the Stalinist political regime into the promotion of economic success would prove to be effective yet also damaging. The elaborate propaganda campaigns set out by Stalin and the injection of popular nationalism at critical periods, won popular support for the program of industrialization. Furthermore, there was a particular kind of motivation present in the enthusiastic officials to establish the pace of industrialization.
Now, whether such enthusiasm was felt by the Communist Party as much as Stalin is still under question. Due to the increase in private trade, the government began providing bread cards to workers only. Stalin realized a new system had to be devised in order to protect the governments' interests.
Decades after his death his legacy still continues to create debate about his tumultuous years as the leader of the Soviet Union. Stalin stated this in one of his speeches in where he said: "we are fifty to one hundred years behind the advance countries to the west, either we make up this gap in five to ten years or they will crush us. What resulted was an extreme totalitarian dictatorship. This is when Joseph Stalin faced in Wanting to explore new levels of advancement in science technology were scientist all around the world, working to create, what was termed Nuclear Fusion. Stalin though his policies found it fit to abused his people in any way he saw fit.
Coming from poverty, this idea filled a young Stalins head with dreams of the future. A good example of this is the Union of Soviet Socialist Republics in its transition time between and He is widely recognized as a dictator, an oppressor, and a ruthless ruler who took the Soviet Union from economic shambles to a superpower, but with the high cost of human sacrifice and his paranoia of opposition. However, Non-Soviet Marxists, from Mensheviks to Herbert Marcuse 4 , criticize this approach for its long-term detrimental effects on the economy and working class, as well as the profound mark on the Soviet cultural life and standard of living. The Stalins lived The korean war the korean war The Korean War is often referred to as the forgotten war.
Consumer goods were scarce and housing crowded, but many Soviet citizens took great pride in building the new Soviet Union. Right after graduating from Occidental College with a BA in literature at age 18, Jeffers enrolled at the University of South California as a literature major Brophy 2. There he started a small shoemaker's business. This is true for Mussolini, Stalin, Truman, Churchill and Hitler; leaders we often hear about in history that took various actions while in power. One of his first governmental changes was called the Five Year Plan
A satire is a literary work that makes fun of the stupidity or vices of individuals, groups, institutions, or society in general. Joseph Stalin was a realist dictator of the early 20th century in Russia. Furthermore, factories took to inflating their production figures due to the severe punishment of failure and the poor quality of products inhibited their use. These peasants would pool together their livestock and land and divide the work and compensation evenly.
Both these intense events were extremely significant in the outcome of the second world war. They would be forced to confess false crimes, such as plotting against Stalin
Second, the methods employed by Stalin to achieve industrialization and economic modernization were fallible and precluded complete achievement of the proposed goals.
According to statistics, Joseph Stalin was far more heinous. While living in La Jolla for a few months after getting married, Una and Jeffers planned on moving to Lyme Regis, England where Jeffers would pursue a career in writing. He was the most fierce and vicious leader in comparison to all the other rulers that enforced totalitarian rule. Although Orwell wrote the book to clearly reflect that distinct era, this novel can also Hiroshima, the world is no lon Hiroshima, the world is no lon Ideas of creating this first nuclear fusion reaction had been around for quite some time.
History of the Soviet Union A. Joseph Stalin is also among these heinous beings. How did Stalin try to change Russia's agricultural system. Through these farms Stalin hoped to increase agricultural productivity, to create grain reserves for Russia, and to free many peasants for industrial work in the cities. Stalin, however, insisted on raising already high targets.